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Sperm is the male reproductive cell and is derived from the Greek word (σπέρμα) sperma (meaning "seed"). The human sperm cell is haploid, so that its 23 chromosomes can join the 23 chromosomes of the female egg to form a diploid cell.


The triliteral root nūn ṭā fā (ن ط ف) occurs 12 times in the Quran as the noun nuṭ'fat (نُّطْفَة). Compare with Hebrew נֵטֶף‎ ("drop")

Creation the human being from sperm

(16:4) He created the human being from sperm (Arab. نُطْفَةٍ, nuṭ'fatin), but then he becomes a clear opponent.

(18:37), (22:5), (23:13), (23:14), (35:11), (36:77), (40:67), (53:46), (75:37), (76:2), (80:19)